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Effect of fibre diameter and tensile strength on the mechanical, fracture, and fibre distribution properties of eco-friendly high-strength self-compacting concrete

Alshahrani, Abdullah ORCID: and Kulasegaram, Sivakumar ORCID: 2023. Effect of fibre diameter and tensile strength on the mechanical, fracture, and fibre distribution properties of eco-friendly high-strength self-compacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials 403 , 133161. 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2023.133161

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The development of Steel Fibre-Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete (SFR-SCC) is a complex task with significant practical implications for the construction industry. However, the absence of established design guidelines and recommendations, and the limited availability of design methodologies, present a significant challenge. Achieving the targeted rheological and mechanical properties while simultaneously minimising production costs requires a comprehensive understanding of the optimal blend of fibre type and quantity and the coarse aggregate content. This paper addresses the impact of steel fibre properties on the rheological and fundamental mechanical properties of eco-friendly high-strength self-compacting concrete (HSSCC), using 40% ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) as a cement replacement. The research focused on 30 mm long hooked-end steel fibres with tensile strengths of 1345 MPa and 3070 MPa, and diameters of 0.55 mm and 0.38 mm, respectively. In addition, the study investigated the combined effect of coarse aggregate content and steel fibre type on the performance of eco-friendly HSSCC. The fresh properties of eco-friendly HSSCC were assessed using the slump flow and J-ring tests. Furthermore, mechanical and fracture properties such as compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, elastic modulus, four-point flexural strength, and three-point flexural strength on notched prisms were also evaluated. The distribution and alignment of steel fibres in the HSSCC were assessed using image analysis techniques, which showed that the steel fibre diameters were a crucial factor in the fibre dispersion. The results demonstrated that using steel fibres with higher tensile strength and smaller diameter significantly enhanced the splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, and fracture energy, compared to steel fibres with larger diameters and lower tensile strengths. Additionally, the study indicated that the elastic modulus and fracture energy of eco-friendly HSSCC reinforced with both types of steel fibre are highly dependent on the content of coarse aggregate used. The study highlighted that the coarse aggregate proportion and the steel fibre characteristics were two vital factors that influenced the rheological and mechanical properties of HSSCC and must be considered during the mix design process to optimise the desired properties while also minimising production costs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 09500618
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 26 August 2023
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2023 13:06

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