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Understanding freight drivers’ behavior and the impact on vehicles’ fuel consumption and CO2e emissions

Zhang, Zhuowu, Demir, Emrah ORCID:, Mason, Robert ORCID: and Di Cairano-Gilfedder, Carla 2023. Understanding freight drivers’ behavior and the impact on vehicles’ fuel consumption and CO2e emissions. Operational Research - An International Journal 23 , 59. 10.1007/s12351-023-00798-2

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Despite the significant impact of driver behavior on fuel consumption and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions, this phenomenon is often overlooked in road freight transportation research. We review the relevant literature and seek to provide a deeper understanding of the relationship between freight drivers’ behavior and fuel consumption. This study utilizes a real-life dataset of over 4000 driving records from the freight logistics sector to examine the effects of specific behaviors on fuel consumption. Analyzed behaviors include harsh acceleration/deceleration/cornering, over-revving, excessive revolutions per minute (RPM), and non-adherence to legal speed limits ranging from 20 to 70 miles per hour (mph). Our findings confirm existing literature by demonstrating the significant impact of certain driving characteristics, particularly harsh acceleration/cornering, on fuel consumption. Moreover, our research contributes new insights into the field, notably highlighting the substantial influence of non-adherence to the legal speed limits of 20 and 30 mph on fuel consumption, an aspect not extensively studied in previous research. We subsequently introduce an advanced fuel consumption model that takes into account these identified driver behaviors. This model not only advances academic understanding of fuel consumption determinants in road freight transportation, but also equips practitioners with practical insights to optimize fuel efficiency and reduce environmental impacts.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1866-1505
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 11 September 2023
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 10:45

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