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Comparison of factors that influence the measurement of corneal hysteresis in vivo and in vitro

Alhamad, Tariq A. and Meek, Keith Michael Andrew ORCID: 2011. Comparison of factors that influence the measurement of corneal hysteresis in vivo and in vitro. Acta Ophthalmologica -New Series- 89 (5) , e443-e445. 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2011.02150.x

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare measurements of corneal hysteresis (CH) obtained in vivo, with similar measurements from excised human eyes and from excised human corneas mounted in an artificial anterior chamber. Methods: Corneal hysteresis was measured using an ocular response analyser (Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments) from three groups: 53 healthy normal corneas of fifty-three patients, six excised eyes and 17 excised corneas. Results: In vivo, it was found that CH was independent of gender, age and mean spherical equivalent, but has a significant inverse relationship with intraocular pressure (IOPcc) (r = 0.53; p < 0.0001). However, there was no correlation between CH and IOPG (r = 0.10; p = 461). The same inverse relationship with IOPcc was recorded in intact, excised eyes (r = 0.74; p < 0.0001), with no significant differences between the behaviour each individual eye. Excised corneas also showed an inverse relationship between CH and trans-corneal pressure (r = 0.72; p < 0.0001), but the measured values of CH were lower than those recorded in vivo and from intact globes. In both excised eyes and excised corneas, we found a significant correlation between CH and central corneal thickness [r = 0.86; p < 0.0001 and r = 0.611; p < 0.0005 (respectively)]. Conclusion: The in vitro results indicate that every normal human eye at physiological hydration shows an identical dependence of CH on IOPcc, the same dependence as is observed in vivo. This therefore would appear to be an intrinsic response of the tissue to a change in IOP. However, it is possible that the lower values of CH recorded from excised corneas reflect the influence of the artificial chamber replacing the eye globe, so in vivo values of CH may be influenced to some extent by the presence of the other components of the eye.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corneal hysteresis ; In vitro ; Ocular response analyser
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1755-375X
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 14:02

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