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ESSA Identification of National (Sector) VET Qualification and Skills (Regulatory) Frameworks for Steel

Antonazzo, Luca, Weinel, Martin and Stroud, Dean ORCID: 2023. ESSA Identification of National (Sector) VET Qualification and Skills (Regulatory) Frameworks for Steel. [Project Report]. European Steel Skills Agenda and Strategy. Available at:

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Digital transformation and climate change represent the main drivers of innovation for European industry. In particular, green and digital technologies help to increase energy and resource efficiency and contribute to keeping materials in use for longer. However, the right skills are needed to implement, operate and exploit these technologies to best effect. The ESSA project has developed a sector-driven Blueprint following a bottom-up social innovation process to address skills needs, which integrates all the relevant stakeholders (companies, training providers, research institutions, associations, social partners, policy makers, public administration, and civil society organisations). It has identified where there is need for re- and up- skilling and talent recruitment, and identified strategies for developing a highly skilled workforce, proactively addressing skills gaps, and engaging the workforce with new technological innovations. As part of the Blueprint, we offer policy recommendations to support these strategies and address the deep transformations the industry is currently experiencing. The first policy recommendations are presented as general recommendations. Second, we offer policy recommendations at three levels in order to provide further contextualisation: European, national and regional. Third, we present some recommendations related to the specific support of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: European Steel Skills Agenda and Strategy
Funders: EC Erasmus+ 2018-3059 - 600886-EPP-1-2018-1-DE-EPPKA2-SSA-B
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 15 December 2022
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2023 09:01

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