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3D analysis of hydrogen distribution and its mitigation using passive autocatalytic recombiners (PARs) inside VVER-1000 containment

Kanik, Muhammet Enis, Noorikalkhoran, Omid ORCID:, Fernández-Cosials, Kevin and Gei, Massimiliano 2023. 3D analysis of hydrogen distribution and its mitigation using passive autocatalytic recombiners (PARs) inside VVER-1000 containment. Energies 16 (18) , 6612. 10.3390/en16186612

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Hydrogen is a flammable gas that can generate thermal and mechanical loads which could jeopardise the containment integrity upon combustion inside nuclear power plants containment. Hydrogen can be generated from various sources and disperses into the containment atmosphere, mixing with steam and air following a loss of coolant accident and its progression. Therefore, the volumetric hydrogen concentration should be examined within the containment to determine whether a flammable mixture is formed or not. Codes with 3D capabilities could serve this examination by providing detailed contours/maps of the hydrogen distribution inside containment in view of the local stratification phenomenon. In this study, a 3D VVER-1000 as-built containment model was sketched in AutoCAD and then processed into GOTHIC nuclear containment analysis code for hydrogen evaluation. The model was modified to a great extent by installing 80 passive autocatalytic recombiners and locating hydrogen sources to evaluate the performance of the hydrogen removal system inside the containment on maintaining the hydrogen concentration below the flammability limit during a large break loss of coolant accident. 2D profiles and 3D contours of volumetric hydrogen concentration with and without PARs are presented as the simulation outcome of this study. The results were validated against the results of the Final Safety Analysis Report, which also demonstrates the effectiveness of the hydrogen removal system as an engineered safety feature to keep the containment within a safe margin. Detailed 3D contours of hydrogen distribution inside containment can be employed to evaluate the local hot spots of hydrogen, rearranging and optimising the number and location of PARs to avoid the hydrogen explosion inside containment.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1996-1073
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 11 September 2023
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2024 14:51

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