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Diffusion of alloying cobalt oxide (II, III) into electrical steel

Elgamli, Elmazeg and Anayi, Fatih ORCID: 2023. Diffusion of alloying cobalt oxide (II, III) into electrical steel. Materials 16 (18) , 6315. 10.3390/ma16186315

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This paper aims to reduce power loss in electrical steel by improving its surface resistivity. The proposed approach involves introducing additional alloying elements through diffusion once the steel sheet reaches the desired thickness. Various effective techniques have been suggested and tested to enhance the resistivity of the strip. The method entails creating a paste by combining powdered diffusing elements with specific solutions, which are then applied to the steel’s surface. After firing the sample, a successful transfer of certain elements to the steel surface is achieved. The amount and distribution of these elements can be controlled by adjusting the paste composition, modifying the firing parameters, and employing subsequent annealing procedures. This study specifically investigates the effectiveness of incorporating cobalt oxide (II, III) into non-oriented silicon iron to mitigate power loss. The experimental samples consist of non-oriented electrical steels with a composition of 2.4 wt% Si-Fe and dimensions of 0.305 mm × 300 mm × 30 mm. Power loss and permeability measurements are conducted using a single strip tester (SST) within a magnetic field range of 0.5 T to 1.7 T. These measurements are performed using an AC magnetic properties measurement system under controlled sinusoidal conditions at various frequencies. The research explores the impact of cobalt oxide (II, III) addition, observing successful diffusion into the steel through the utilization of a paste based on sodium silicate solution. This treatment results in a significant reduction in power loss in the non-oriented material, with power loss reductions of 14% at 400 Hz and 23% at 1 kHz attributed to the elimination of a porous layer containing a high concentration of the diffusing element. The formation of porosity in the cobalt addition was found to be particularly sensitive to firing temperature near the melting point. The diffusion process was examined through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in combination with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The results demonstrate improved power losses in the coated samples compared with the uncoated ones. In conclusion, this study establishes that the properties of non-oriented electrical steels can be enhanced through a safer process compared with the methods employed by previous researchers.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1996-1944
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 September 2023
Date of Acceptance: 16 September 2023
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2023 00:48

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