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Rational design and in situ fabrication of MnO2@NiCo2O4 nanowire arrays on Ni foam as high-performance monolith de-NOx catalysts

Liu, Yan, Xu, Jing, Li, Hongrui, Cai, Sixiang, Hu, Hang, Fang, Cheng, Shi, Liyi and Zhang, Dengsong 2015. Rational design and in situ fabrication of MnO2@NiCo2O4 nanowire arrays on Ni foam as high-performance monolith de-NOx catalysts. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: materials for energy and sustainability 3 (21) , pp. 11543-11553. 10.1039/C5TA01212K

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In this work, we have rationally designed and originally developed a novel monolith de-NOx catalyst with nickel foam as the carrier and three dimensional hierarchical MnO2@NiCo2O4 core–shell nanowire arrays in situ grown on the surface via a two-step hydrothermal process with a post calcination treatment. The catalysts were systematically examined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, elemental mapping, ion sputtering thinning, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, H2 temperature-programmed reduction, NH3/NO + O2 temperature-programmed desorption measurements and catalytic performance tests. The results indicate that the nanowire is composed of hollow NiCo2O4 spinel as the core and MnO2 nanoparticles as the shell layer. By ingeniously making the hierarchical Ni–Co oxide nanowires as the support for manganese oxides, the MnO2@NiCo2O4@Ni foam catalyst not only takes advantage of the high surface area of Ni–Co nanowires to achieve high loading amounts as well as high dispersion of manganese oxides, but also makes use of the synergistic catalytic effect between Ni, Co and Mn multiple oxides, and exhibits excellent low-temperature catalytic performance in the end. In addition, with the structure and morphology well maintained under long term steady isothermal operation, the catalyst is able to sustain high NO conversion and exhibits superior catalytic cycle stability and good H2O resistance. Considering all these favorable properties, the MnO2@NiCo2O4@Ni foam catalyst could serve as a promising candidate for the monolith de-NOx catalyst at low temperatures and the rational design of in situ synthesis of 3D hierarchical monolith catalysts also puts forward a new way for the development of environmental-friendly and highly active monolith de-NOx catalysts.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 2050-7488
Date of Acceptance: 16 April 2015
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2023 09:00

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