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Morphology-dependent performance of Zr-CeVO4/TiO2 for selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3

Zhao, Xin, Huang, Lei, Namuangruk, Supawadee, Hu, Hang, Hu, Xiaonan, Shi, Liyi and Zhang, Dengsong 2016. Morphology-dependent performance of Zr-CeVO4/TiO2 for selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3. Catalysis Science & Technology 6 (14) , pp. 5543-5553. 10.1039/C6CY00326E

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A novel Zr–CeVO4/TiO2 catalyst was developed for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH3. Both TiO2 nanosheets (TiO2-NS) and nanoparticles (TiO2-NP) with different crystal facets were used as supports for the catalyst. It was found that the TiO2-NS-supported catalyst showed much better activity, stability and H2O/SO2 durability than the TiO2-NP-supported catalyst. In particular, the catalyst loading amount was much lower than those of previously reported vanadate-based SCR catalysts. The crystal structures and morphologies were analysed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and (high-resolution) transmission electron microscopy ((HR)TEM). The redox properties, surface active species and acid sites of the catalysts were investigated through hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ammonia and nitrogen oxide temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD and NOx-TPD) and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (in situ DRIFTs) experiments. The improved activity at lower temperature was due to the presence of more active oxygen species and Brønsted acid sites, as well as the formation of NO2 on the surface of the TiO2 nanosheets which have exposed (001) facets. The enhanced stability and H2O/SO2 durability of Zr–CeVO4/TiO2-NS was due to the limited formation of NH4NO3 and (NH4)2SO4/NH4HSO4. The excellent low operation temperature, low vanadium content and absence of WO3(MoO3) in this catalyst indicated that it has promising potential as a SCR catalyst for practical applications.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 2044-4753
Date of Acceptance: 17 March 2016
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2023 11:01

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