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Functional behaviour of flocs explained by observed 3D structure and porosity

Lawrence, T. J., Carr, S. J., Manning, A. J., Wheatland, J. A. T., Bushby, A. J. and Spencer, K. L. 2023. Functional behaviour of flocs explained by observed 3D structure and porosity. Frontiers in Earth Science 11 , 1264953. 10.3389/feart.2023.1264953

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Clay-rich flocculated suspended sediments are an important constituent of estuarine and coastal systems globally. They are responsible for the host, movement and deposition of a variety of pollutants, contaminants and sediment itself. Accurate modelling of the movement of these sediments is crucial for a number of industries including fisheries, aquaculture, shipping and waste management. This requires an accurate and reliable measurements of the physical properties of flocs and their behaviour. Porosity is a key element in floc structures, and this research provides updated 3D quantified porosity and pore space morphological data in relation to influences on floc settling behaviour. We report the questionable relationship between floc size and settling velocity, and explore alternative influences such as floc composition, porosity and pore morphology. These outcomes suggest that a shift in focus from floc size to a combination of factors is necessitated to understand the complex movement behaviour of flocculated suspended sediments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 2296-6463
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 October 2023
Date of Acceptance: 26 September 2023
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 08:25

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