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Turbulence properties of a vertical round jet in a wavy-crossflow environment

Chen, Yuhang, Xu, Zhenshan, Chen, Yongping, Otoo, Ebenezer and Xie, Zhihua ORCID: 2023. Turbulence properties of a vertical round jet in a wavy-crossflow environment. Ocean Engineering 288 , 116040. 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2023.116040

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The discharge of wastewater into coastal waters can be simplified as a turbulent jet under waves and currents. A laboratory study has been carried out to measure the instantaneous flow field of a vertical round jet under wavy-crossflow environment using an improved particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. The phase-averaged streamlines are found to be the most chaotic at the wave trough phase. Temporal variation in fluctuating turbulent kinetic energy is explored. Results indicate a lack of distinctive patterns in fluctuation turbulent kinetic energy across wave phases, particularly in far field. This suggests that wave phases marginally affect jet width expansion, especially in the far field. Spatial variations in turbulent kinetic energy are examined and crossflow and wave period are also considered. It is found that decreasing relative wave-orbital velocity to crossflow velocity Rwc enhances maximum turbulent kinetic energy in the near field of the wavy-crossflow jet.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0029-8018
Date of Acceptance: 9 October 2023
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 09:27

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