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Impacts of sea-access roads on wetland landscape dynamics in the Yellow River Delta front

Ran, Baichuan, Chen, Shenliang, Pan, Shunqi ORCID:, Li, Peng, Ji, Hongyu and Liu, Qinglan 2023. Impacts of sea-access roads on wetland landscape dynamics in the Yellow River Delta front. Ocean & Coastal Management 244 , 106834. 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2023.106834

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The coevolution between oilfield development and deltaic wetlands is critical for ensuring environmental sustainability in mega-deltas. In the Yellow River Delta (YRD), the construction of offshore artificial islands and their sea-access roads (SARs) in delta fronts, providing accommodation for oilfields development of oilfields influences the evolution of adjacent wetland landscapes. This study utilized the threshold segmentation method based on MNDWI and the object-oriented random forest algorithm to extract the shoreline and classify typical wetland vegetation in the study area. It also analysed the impact of SAR on the landscape dynamics of coastal wetlands from 2004 to 2020. The results show that the SAR significantly affected the local sediment transport and erosion and accretion patterns in its adjacent coast, which has gone through accretion-domination, erosion, and continuous accretion stages, with significant accretion and erosion on the north and south sides of the SAR, respectively. From 2004 to 2020, 13.74 km2 of new-born wetland was formed, and the vegetation dynamics in the study area transformed from primary succession to human-disturbed succession. Spartina alterniflora (S. alterniflora) grew rapidly from 4.15 km2 to 18.04 km2 during 2010–2016, showed an imbalanced distribution on both sides of the SAR. This research can provide references for the sustainable coevolution of offshore oilfields and coastal environments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0964-5691
Date of Acceptance: 28 August 2023
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 12:36

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