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VERTICO and IllustrisTNG: The spatially resolved effects of environment on galactic gas

Stevens, Adam R. H., Brown, Toby, Diemer, Benedikt, Pillepich, Annalisa, Hernquist, Lars, Nelson, Dylan, Bahé, Yannick M., Boselli, Alessandro, Davis, Timothy A. ORCID:, Elahi, Pascal J., Ellison, Sara L., Jiménez-Donaire, María J., Roberts, Ian D., Spekkens, Kristine, Villanueva, Vicente, Watts, Adam B., Wilson, Christine D. and Zabel, Nikki 2023. VERTICO and IllustrisTNG: The spatially resolved effects of environment on galactic gas. Astrophysical Journal Letters 957 (2) , L19. 10.3847/2041-8213/ad014b

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It has been shown in previous publications that the TNG100 simulation quantitatively reproduces the observed reduction in each of the total atomic and total molecular hydrogen gas for galaxies within massive halos, i.e., dense environments. In this Letter, we study how well TNG50 reproduces the resolved effects of a Virgo-like cluster environment on the gas surface densities of satellite galaxies with m * > 109 M ⊙ and star formation rate > 0.05 M ⊙ yr−1. We select galaxies in the simulation that are analogous to those in the HERACLES and VERTICO surveys and mock-observe them to the common specifications of the data. Although TNG50 does not quantitatively match the observed gas surface densities in the centers of galaxies, the simulation does qualitatively reproduce the trends of gas truncation and central density suppression seen in VERTICO in both H i and H2. This result promises that modern cosmological hydrodynamic simulations can be used to reliably model the post-infall histories of cluster satellite galaxies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: cc-by
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 2041-8205
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 November 2023
Date of Acceptance: 9 October 2023
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 12:45

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