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Evidence of abnormality in glutathione metabolism in the airways of preterm born children with a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Course, Christopher W., Lewis, Philip A., Kotecha, Sarah J., Cousins, Michael, Hart, Kylie, Heesom, Kate J., Watkins, W. John ORCID: and Kotecha, Sailesh ORCID: 2023. Evidence of abnormality in glutathione metabolism in the airways of preterm born children with a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Scientific Reports 13 (1) , 19465. 10.1038/s41598-023-46499-w

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Preterm-born children are at risk of long-term pulmonary deficits, including those who developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in infancy, however the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We characterised the exhaled breath condensate (EBC) metabolome from preterm-born children, both with and without BPD. Following spirometry, EBC from children aged 7–12 years, from the Respiratory Health Outcomes in Neonates study, were analysed using Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. Metabolite Set Enrichment Analysis (MSEA) linked significantly altered metabolites to biological processes. Linear regression models examined relationships between metabolites of interest and participant demographics. EBC was analysed from 214 children, 144 were born preterm, including 34 with BPD. 235 metabolites were detected, with 38 above the detection limit in every sample. Alanine and pyroglutamic acid were significantly reduced in the BPD group when compared to preterm controls. MSEA demonstrated a reduction in glutathione metabolism. Reduced quantities of alanine, ornithine and urea in the BPD group were linked with alteration of the urea cycle. Linear regression revealed significant associations with BPD when other characteristics were considered, but not with current lung function parameters. In this exploratory study of the airway metabolome, preterm-born children with a history of BPD had changes consistent with reduced antioxidant mechanisms suggesting oxidative stress.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 2045-2322
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 November 2023
Date of Acceptance: 1 November 2023
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2024 15:07

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