Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Biomass-derived carbon nanostructures and their applications as electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution and oxygen reduction/evolution

Maliutina, Kristina Mikhailovna, Omoriyekomwan, Joy Esohe, He, Chuanxin, Fan, Liangdong and Folli, Andrea ORCID: 2023. Biomass-derived carbon nanostructures and their applications as electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution and oxygen reduction/evolution. Frontiers in Environmental Engineering 2 , 1228992. 10.3389/fenve.2023.1228992

[thumbnail of fenve-02-1228992.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (4MB)


Biomass derived electrocatalysts with rationally designed activity, selectivity, and stability present a major sustainable approach for the electrochemical production of fuels and value-added chemicals. This review presents recent advances in the field of biomass-derived electrocatalytic nanostructures for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (oxygen reduction reaction and oxygen evolution reaction), that are subject of major research efforts, as well as public and private investment, as they will play a crucial role in the energy transition and in achieving net zero carbon emissions. The review summarises experimental and theoretical investigations aiming at tuning electrocatalytic performances of sustainable C-based nanostructured materials, and present opportunities for future commercialization of innovative energy materials and applications. In reviewing relevant literature in the field, we focus on the correlation between electrocatalytic activity/selectivity and synthesis methods, composition, physical chemical characteristics, in the attempt to uncover a clear structure-activity relationship. Furthermore, this study provides a critical comparison of the different electrocatalysts in light of their catalytic mechanisms, limiting phenomena, and practical applications for sustainable future technologies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 November 2023
Date of Acceptance: 4 September 2023
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2023 11:15

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics