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Development of low-carbon recycled aggregate concrete using carbonation treatment and alccofine

Sharma, Himanshu, Ashish, Deepankar ORCID: and Sharma, Sanjay Kumar 2024. Development of low-carbon recycled aggregate concrete using carbonation treatment and alccofine. Energy, Ecology and Environment 9 , pp. 230-240. 10.1007/s40974-023-00299-0

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Since the construction industry is one of the major sectors responsible for the overexploitation of natural resources and the production of greenhouse gases, there is an urgent need to adopt a sustainable and environmental friendly approach to mitigate climate degradation. Research has explored the potential of recycled aggregate (RA) as a viable alternative to natural aggregate in concrete production. Currently, several treatment methods are being employed to enhance the efficient incorporation of RA into concrete, aiming to address this issue. However, the effective utilization of RA in place of NA remains uncommon. In this study, an effort has been made to develop a low-carbon recycled aggregate concrete by utilizing 100% carbonation treated recycled coarse concrete aggregate (CRCCA) in place of natural coarse aggregate (NCA) and alccofine as mineral admixture. A comprehensive analysis was performed, comparing the properties of CRCCA to those of untreated recycled coarse concrete aggregate. This analysis covered changes in weight, bulk density, water absorption, crushing value, and microstructure. Furthermore, five different concrete mixes were prepared, each varying in the proportion of natural coarse aggregate (NCA), untreated RCCA, and CRCCA. These mixes also incorporated alccofine as a mineral admixture. The evaluation process involved assessing the effectiveness of carbonation treatment and alccofine addition through tests on the workability, water absorption, density, and compressive strength of the concrete mixes. The study demonstrated that carbonation treatment of RCCA resulted in substantial improvements in crushing value and water absorption of CRCCA, alongside enhanced workability, reduced water absorption, and increased density in CRCCA concrete. Moreover, CRCCA concrete exhibited notable compressive strength gains at both 28 and 90 days compared to untreated RCCA concrete. Furthermore, the use of CRCCA and alccofine contributed to reducing GHG emissions associated with cement production, emphasizing the environmentally friendly attributes of this low-carbon concrete formulation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2363-7692
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 November 2023
Date of Acceptance: 14 October 2023
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2024 12:52

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