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Fabrication of g-C3N4/CuS heterostructures for efficient visible light-driven photocatalysts

Muthuganesh, A., Davis Jacob, I., Soundranayagam, John Prince, Surender, S., Elangovan, P. and Helan Flora, X. 2024. Fabrication of g-C3N4/CuS heterostructures for efficient visible light-driven photocatalysts. Inorganic Chemistry Communications 159 , 111813. 10.1016/j.inoche.2023.111813

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The g-C3N4/CuS heterojunction was synthesized using a wet impregnation process. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), High resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Diffused reflectance spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS), and Photoluminescence (PL) were employed to examine the crystalline structure, morphology, elemental configuration, optical absorption characteristics, electron hole recombination, and charge transfer property of the prepared materials, respectively. The specific surface area and pore volume of the produced materials were calculated using N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms and BET studies. Rhodamine B (RhB) is broken down by the catalysts in the presence of visible light. In 40 min, the catalyst showed quick photocatalytic degradation of the RhB dye (98.6 %). The synthesized catalyst performs at the highest level for photocatalytic degradation due to its low e-h recombination rate, broad spectrum of absorption light, increased photo-generated electrons, and larger specific surface area. Higher photocatalytic activity might be a result of the matched overlapping band structure and the interaction between CuS and g-C3N4. The photoluminescent spectra show that the interaction of g-C3N4 and CuS would not only boost the optical absorption property of g-C3N4, but would also produce more interfaces for the efficient transfer of photo-generated electron-hole pairs to limit recombination. The repeatability experiment's results unequivocally demonstrate that the developed catalyst has a high photo-stability. The results of the degrading efficiency tests were competitive with numerous photocatalysts that had already been published.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1387-7003
Date of Acceptance: 25 November 2023
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2023 17:04

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