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Impact of beam far side-lobe knowledge in the presence of foregrounds for LiteBIRD

Leloup, C., Patanchon, G., Errard, J., Franceschet, C., Gudmundsson, J. E., Henrot-Versillé, S., Imada, H., Ishino, H., Matsumura, T., Puglisi, G., Wang, W., Adler, A., Aumont, J., Aurlien, R., Baccigalupi, C., Ballardini, M., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Basyrov, A., Bersanelli, M., Blinov, D., Bortolami, M., Brinckmann, T., Campeti, P., Carones, A., Carralot, F., Casas, F. J., Cheung, K., Clermont, L., Columbro, F., Conenna, G., Coppolecchia, A., Cuttaia, F., D'Alessandro, G., de Bernardis, P., de Haan, T., De Petris, M., Della Torre, S., Diego-Palazuelos, P., Eriksen, H. K., Finelli, F., Fuskeland, U., Galloni, G., Galloway, M., Georges, M., Gerbino, M., Gervasi, M., Génova-Santos, R. T., Ghigna, T., Giardiello, S., Gimeno-Amo, C., Gjerløw, E., Gruppuso, A., Hazumi, M., Hergt, L. T., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Hoang, T. D., Jost, B., Kohri, K., Krachmalnicoff, N., Lee, A. T., Lembo, M., Levrier, F., Lonappan, A. I., López-Caniego, M., Macias-Perez, J., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Micheli, S., Monelli, M., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mot, B., Mousset, L., Namikawa, T., Natoli, P., Novelli, A., Noviello, F., Obata, I., Odagiri, K., Pagano, L., Paiella, A., Paoletti, D., Pascual-Cisneros, G., Pavlidou, V., Piacentini, F., Piccirilli, G., Pisano, G., Polenta, G., Raffuzzi, N., Remazeilles, M., Ritacco, A., Rizzieri, A., Ruiz-Granda, M., Sakurai, Y., Shiraishi, M., Stever, S. L., Takase, Y., Tassis, K., Terenzi, L., Thompson, K. L., Tristram, M., Vacher, L., Vielva, P., Wehus, I. K., Weymann-Despres, G., Zannoni, M. and Zhou, Y. 2023. Impact of beam far side-lobe knowledge in the presence of foregrounds for LiteBIRD. [Online]. arXiv: Cornell University. Available at:

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We present a study of the impact of an uncertainty in the beam far side-lobe knowledge on the measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background $B$-mode signal at large scale. It is expected to be one of the main source of systematic effects in future CMB observations. Because it is crucial for all-sky survey missions to take into account the interplays between beam systematic effects and all the data analysis steps, the primary goal of this paper is to provide the methodology to carry out the end-to-end study of their effect for a space-borne CMB polarization experiment, up to the cosmological results in the form of a bias $δr$ on the tensor-to-scalar ratio $r$. LiteBIRD is dedicated to target the measurement of CMB primordial $B$ modes by reaching a sensitivity of $σ\left( r \right) \leq 10^{-3}$ assuming $r=0$. As a demonstration of our framework, we derive the relationship between the knowledge of the beam far side-lobes and the tentatively allocated error budget under given assumptions on design, simulation and component separation method. We assume no mitigation of the far side-lobes effect at any stage of the analysis pipeline. We show that $δr$ is mostly due to the integrated fractional power difference between the estimated beams and the true beams in the far side-lobes region, with little dependence on the actual shape of the beams, for low enough $δr$. Under our set of assumptions, in particular considering the specific foreground cleaning method we used, we find that the integrated fractional power in the far side-lobes should be known at a level as tight as $\sim 10^{-4}$, to achieve the required limit on the bias $δr < 1.9 \times 10^{-5}$. The framework and tools developed for this study can be easily adapted to provide requirements under different design, data analysis frameworks and for other future space-borne experiments beyond LiteBIRD.

Item Type: Website Content
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Submitted
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Cornell University
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2024 15:16

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