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Andesitic arc magmas derived from two contrasting mélange origins: Evidence from central Tibetan dioritic porphyries

Hao, Lu-Lu, Wang, Qiang, Kerr, Andrew C. ORCID:, Huang, Fang, Xiao, Ming, Ma, Xiao-Long, Zhang, Wan-Feng, Wang, Wen-Yu and Liu, Mao-Rui 2024. Andesitic arc magmas derived from two contrasting mélange origins: Evidence from central Tibetan dioritic porphyries. Chemical Geology 650 , 121920. 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2023.121920
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Numerous studies have argued that the andesitic model (i.e., the arc directly produces andesitic magmas) rather than the basaltic-input model (i.e., andesitic magmas were derived by fractionation from basaltic magmas) better explains the composition of continental crust. However, it remains controversial as to how andesitic magmas are directly produced in subduction zones, and this weakens the basis of the andesitic model. Recently, the mélange-diapir model has been increasingly considered to be an important mechanism for the direct generation of arc andesites, and would thus support the andesitic model for crustal growth. Moreover, melting experiments on mélange rocks show that varying the composition of mélange rocks (e.g., serpentinite-dominated and sediment-dominated mélange) can produce a range of primary andesitic arc magmas, from tholeiitic, calc-alkaline, to high-K calc-alkaline and shoshonitic magma types. However, it remains challenging to determine the different mélange sources for low-K to high-K arc andesites. Here we verify these experimental results using data from early Cretaceous dioritic porphyries in the southern Qiangtang block of central Tibetan plateau. The generation of these dioritic rocks cannot be linked to any coeval basaltic rocks in this region and so they may represent primary andesitic magmas. These dioritic porphyries are divided into low-K type-1 and high-K type-2. Type-1 has higher δ26Mg values (−0.16 to −0.08‰) than MORBs (mid-ocean ridge basalt, δ26Mg = −0.25 ± 0.06‰), which can be ascribed to the contribution of subducted bulk/un-differentiated serpentinite in their source. Combined with their low K contents and La/Sm ratios, and high Ndsingle bondHf isotope ratios (εNd(t) = 3.36–5.03; εHf(t) = 12.88–13.76), we suggest a serpentine-dominated mélange for their origin. The type-2 and type-1 rocks have similar trace-element distribution patterns, the same ages (~124 Ma), and are indistinguishable in field outcrops, indicating their common petrogenesis. However, compared to type-1, type-2 has higher K and Th contents, and La/Sm and Th/Nd ratios with lower Ndsingle bondHf isotope values (εNd(t) = −1.61 to +0.30; εHf(t) = 3.78–4.39), and mantle-like δ26Mg values (−0.28 to −0.17‰). This likely indicates derivation from a sediment-dominated mélange for type-2. This study thus verifies the experimental results of melting of different mélange from natural rock record and shows that the mélange model provides an important mechanism for generating variable andesitic arc magmas and so the formation of the andesitic continental crust.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0009-2541
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 January 2024
Date of Acceptance: 30 December 2023
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2024 04:25

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