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Cavernomas: to treat or not to treat?

Voase, Sophie and Robertson, Neil P. ORCID: 2023. Cavernomas: to treat or not to treat? Journal of Neurology 271 (1) , pp. 618-620. 10.1007/s00415-023-12115-0

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Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), also referred to as cavernomas or cavernous angiomas, can occur sporadically or as an inherited trait. CCMs can be asymptomatic and incidental findings on brain imaging or symptomatic because of haemorrhage, seizures, or headaches. Haemorrhage risk for CCMs vary according to whether they are incidentally detected and unruptured or have previously bled. The re-haemorrhage rate for CCMs is between 4.5 and 22.9% annually if there has been a single haemorrhage event, or up to 33% if there have been multiple previous events. Currently, there is no consensus on acute or longer term management of CCMs. In this month’s journal club, we explore three recent studies investigating interventions to reduce future haemorrhage risk and that propose future management strategies for symptomatic CCMs. The first paper is a retrospective analysis of the efficacy of gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKSRS) for symptomatic CCMs from a single centre, and the second reports on the use and outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in symptomatic CCMs from a series of international centres. The third paper reports on a clinical trial examining the use of propranolol in the treatment of familial symptomatic CCMs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: open-access
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0340-5354
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 January 2024
Date of Acceptance: 10 November 2023
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2024 11:30

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