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Study on the spatiotemporal variation of the Yangtze estuarine tidal species

Gan, Min, Chen, Yongping, Pan, Haidong, Pan, Shunqi ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8252-5991, Lai, Xijun, Wen, Yuncheng, Xia, Mingyan and Zhang, Yinghao 2024. Study on the spatiotemporal variation of the Yangtze estuarine tidal species. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science , 108637. 10.1016/j.ecss.2024.108637
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Abstract

Owing to the nonlinear influence of river discharge, estuarine tides are nonstationary and more complicated than oceanic tides. This study investigated the spatiotemporal variation pattern of the Yangtze estuarine tides by considering tidal species separated using the Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD) model. The separated tidal species were compared with tidal species reconstructed using the NS_TIDE model. The results showed that the subtidal (D0) amplitude increased landward because of the enhanced influence of river discharge and river-tide interactions; diurnal (D1) and semi-diurnal (D2) tidal amplitudes consistently decayed landward because of frictional dissipation and nonlinear energy transfer to other tidal constituents; while quarter-diurnal (D4) and six-diurnal (D6) tidal amplitudes initially increased and then decreased in the landward direction because of the transformation of the dominant role of river discharge from nonlinear energy transfer to frictional dissipation. The spatiotemporal variations in different tidal species can illustrate other tidal processes, such as seasonal differences in tidal duration asymmetry. Although the VMD model neglects the separation of each tidal constituent, it can provide reasonable information, even when NS_TIDE may provide implausible results during the flood season because of the highly nonstationary conditions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Engineering
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: Title: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1096-0015
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 January 2024
Date of Acceptance: 11 January 2024
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 17:04
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/165492

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