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Full-variable Cartesian grid method for incompressible and multiphase flows

Yokoi, Kensuke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7914-6050 2024. Full-variable Cartesian grid method for incompressible and multiphase flows. Journal of Computational Physics 500 , 112749. 10.1016/j.jcp.2023.112749
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Abstract

We propose an efficient incompressible fluid solver based on a Cartesian grid and multi-moment concept. In the proposed method, velocity variables are located at cell centers, face centers and nodes in 2D, and cell centers, face centers, edge centers and nodes in 3D but the pressure variables are located only at the cell centers. The Cartesian grid is called full-variable Cartesian grid (FVCG) and the proposed method is called FVCG method. By using the FVCG method, we could improve velocity calculations (error reduction and numerical oscillation suppression) without significant increase in computational time. For instance, in a 3D multiphase flow simulation, although the FVCG method uses twice velocity resolution compared to existing methods, the increase in computational time was only 2%-9%. The FVCG method was validated through various benchmark problems, and comparisons with experiments of coalescence and separations of two liquid droplets (three different cases) and droplet splashing on a superhydrophobic substrate. These numerical results have shown that the FVCG method can efficiently simulate incompressible flows and free surface flows which involve highly complex surface topology changes with coarse grids. These numerical results have also shown that the FVCG method is robust.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0021-9991
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 January 2024
Date of Acceptance: 30 December 2023
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 16:54
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/165501

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