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Optimization of flame stabilization methods in the premixed microcombustion of hydrogen–air mixture

Jha, Vikalp ORCID:, Velidi, Gurunadh and Emani, Sampath 2022. Optimization of flame stabilization methods in the premixed microcombustion of hydrogen–air mixture. Heat Transfer 51 (6) , pp. 5896-5918. 10.1002/htj.22574

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The premixed combustion of a lean hydrogen–air mixture is analyzed in this study to examine various properties and flame stabilization. A two-dimensional (2D) analysis of a microscale combustor is performed with various shapes of bluff bodies (e.g., circular and triangular). Nine bluff bodies are placed at the entrance of the microscale combustor and solved with 2D governing equations. The analysis is performed with the three velocities of 10, 20, and 30 m/s, but the equivalence ratio is fixed in all cases. The various characteristics of the microscale combustor are studied such as the temperature of the wall, difference in peak temperature, the mean velocity at the outlet, and temperature of the exhaust gases. Flame stabilization depends on various factors such as bluff body shape and size, and the velocity of the fuel–air mixture at the inlet and recirculation zone. In comparison to all bluff body cases, we observe that the wall blade bluff body is the most efficient (low exhaust gas temperature, large recirculation zone, low mean velocity at the outlet of the microcombustor, and high wall temperature) compared with all eight other bluff body cases. Combustion efficiency is directly proportional to the wall temperature, meaning that the microcombustor with wall blade bluff bodies is more efficient with a stabilized flame.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 2688-4534
Date of Acceptance: 18 April 2022
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2024 16:45

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