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Newly formed dust within the circumstellar environment of SN Ia-CSM 2018evt

Wang, Lingzhi, Hu, Maokai, Wang, Lifan, Yang, Yi, Yang, Jiawen, Gomez, Haley ORCID:, Chen, Sijie, Hu, Lei, Chen, Ting-Wan, Mo, Jun, Wang, Xiaofeng, Baade, Dietrich, Hoeflich, Peter, Wheeler, J. Craig, Pignata, Giuliano, Burke, Jamison, Hiramatsu, Daichi, Howell, D. Andrew, McCully, Curtis, Pellegrino, Craig, Galbany, Lluís, Hsiao, Eric Y., Sand, David J., Zhang, Jujia, Uddin, Syed A., Anderson, J. P., Ashall, Chris, Cheng, Cheng, Gromadzki, Mariusz, Inserra, Cosimo, Lin, Han, Morrell, N., Morales-Garoffolo, Antonia, Müller-Bravo, T. E., Nicholl, Matt, Padilla Gonzalez, Estefania, Phillips, M. M., Pineda-García, J., Sai, Hanna, Smith, Mathew, Shahbandeh, M., Srivastav, Shubham, Stritzinger, M. D., Yang, Sheng, Young, D. R., Yu, Lixin and Zhang, Xinghan 2024. Newly formed dust within the circumstellar environment of SN Ia-CSM 2018evt. Nature Astronomy , 10.1038/s41550-024-02197-9. 10.1038/s41550-024-02197-9

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Dust associated with various stellar sources in galaxies at all cosmic epochs remains a controversial topic, particularly whether supernovae play an important role in dust production. We report evidence of dust formation in the cold, dense shell behind the ejecta–circumstellar medium (CSM) interaction in the Type Ia-CSM supernova (SN) 2018evt three years after the explosion, characterized by a rise in mid-infrared emission accompanied by an accelerated decline in the optical radiation of the SN. Such a dust-formation picture is also corroborated by the concurrent evolution of the profiles of the Hα emission line. Our model suggests enhanced CSM dust concentration at increasing distances from the SN as compared to what can be expected from the density profile of the mass loss from a steady stellar wind. By the time of the last mid-infrared observations at day +1,041, a total amount of 1.2 ± 0.2 × 10−2 M⊙ of new dust has been formed by SN 2018evt, making SN 2018evt one of the most prolific dust factories among supernovae with evidence of dust formation. The unprecedented witness of the intense production procedure of dust may shed light on the perceptions of dust formation in cosmic history.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2397-3366
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 February 2024
Date of Acceptance: 5 January 2024
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 12:14

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