Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Association between aortic stiffness and cerebral pulsatility is modestly influenced by augmentation index

Pearson, James, Watkeys, Laura J., Coulson, James M., Schlader, Zachary J., Crandall, Craig G., Cockcroft, John R., McEniery, Carmel M. and McDonnell, Barry J. 2019. Association between aortic stiffness and cerebral pulsatility is modestly influenced by augmentation index. Artery Research 25 (3-4) , pp. 95-100. 10.2991/artres.k.191212.001

[thumbnail of 44200_2019_Article_2503003.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (505kB)


Central Pulse Pressure (CPP) and Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (aPWV) share a positive relationship with cerebral pulsatility and are associated with cerebrovascular disorders including stroke. Our aim was to examine the influence of Augmentation Index (AIx) upon this relationship, first by using a cross sectional design across a wide range of CPP and aPWV in healthy individuals and second, following administration of Glyceryl Trinitrate (GTN) to acutely change AIx. We measured CPP, aPWV, AIx and Middle Cerebral Artery Pulsatility Index (MCAPI) in 99 healthy individuals (54 females). In all individuals, after accounting for the effect of age and gender, MCAPI shared an independent inverse relationship with AIx (β = −0.515, R2 = 0.109; p = 0.001), and a positive relationship with CPP (β = 0.570, R2 = 0.093; p = 0.003) but not aPWV (p > 0.05). GTN was administered to 25 of these participants (14 females). Following GTN, AIx75 decreased in all participants relative to baseline (12 ± 19 to 5 ± 16%; p = 0.0001). In the 20 min following GTN administration, CPP shared a positive relationship with MCAPI (β = 0.305, R2 = 0.042; p = 0.002) while AIx, adjusted for heart rate (AIx75), shared an inverse relationship with MCAPI (β = −0.320, R2 = 0.019; p = 0.031). These findings indicate that the positive relationship between CPP and MCAPI may be somewhat modified by AIx. This suggests that an increased AIx may weakly attenuate increases in MCAPI that are associated with aortic stiffening in a healthy population at rest, but also following acute reductions in AIx75 after administration of GTN.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: open-access
Publisher: Atlantis Press
ISSN: 1872-9312
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 February 2024
Date of Acceptance: 1 December 2019
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2024 11:00

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics