Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Alternative study to reduce backflashovers using tower-footing grounding systems with multiple inclined rods

de Azevedo, Walter Luiz Manzi, Justo de Araújo, Anderson Ricardo, Colqui, Jaimis Sajid Leon, D'Annibale, José Luciano Aslan and Filho, José Pissolato 2023. Alternative study to reduce backflashovers using tower-footing grounding systems with multiple inclined rods. Electric Power Systems Research 214 (Part A) , 108893. 10.1016/j.epsr.2022.108893

Full text not available from this repository.


This paper investigates the influence of the inclination angle on the harmonic grounding impedance (HGI) of three arrangements with multiple rods. Then, Ground Potential Rise (GPR) and the lightning performance (backflashover prediction) on transmission towers using these grounding systems are studied. A full-wave electromagnetic software FEKO using Method of Moments (MoM) is utilized to compute the HGI in a frequency range of 100 Hz to 10 MHz, assuming the soil with low-frequency resistivity of 1,000 πm and modeled considering the frequency effect on the ground parameters. The analysis is carried out for grounding systems of multiple rods composed of 2, 3, and 4 inclined electrodes considering inclination angles of 0°, 15°, 30°, 45° and 60°. The transient GPR developed for the first and subsequent return strokes are evaluated. The calculated HGI showed expressive differences for each topology and also for various inclination angles. Consequently, transient GPR waveforms present expressive mitigation for each grounding system whose difference can be obtained only by varying the inclination angle of the rods. Finally, the backflashover probability is reduced when these arrangements with multiple rods combined with highly inclined electrodes are used as tower-footing grounding systems, improving the lightning performance of power systems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-7796
Date of Acceptance: 11 October 2022
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2024 14:00

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item