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The effect of sandy soil porosity on lightning overvoltages of overhead 138 kV transmission line

de Azevedo, Walter Luiz Manzi, Justo de Araújo, Anderson Ricardo and Filho, José Pissolato 2023. The effect of sandy soil porosity on lightning overvoltages of overhead 138 kV transmission line. Electric Power Systems Research 220 , 109272. 10.1016/j.epsr.2023.109272

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Proper soil modeling considering its physical properties is essential to design grounding systems and assess its grounding impedance for transient analysis. This paper investigates the improved Archie’s soil model with resistivity varying with porosity and water content. The impact of these two factors on the groundingimpedance, the ground potential rise (GPR) of grounding vertical rods, and the voltages on the cross-arms of a transmission tower subjected to lightning currents of first and subsequent return strokes are evaluated. The grounding impedance of the rods buried in porous soil is calculated using electromagnetic software (FEKO) for a frequency range of 100 HZ to 10 MHz. Three levels of soil porosity 5, 15, and 25% and water content of 1% for the porous sandy soil were assumed. Results are compared with those assuming a dry soil with constant resistivity of 2,500 m and relative permittivity of 10. Results demonstrated a significant influence on the grounding impedance and the effective length of the vertical rod is reduced when both factors are included. Therefore, the GPR and transient voltages on the transmission tower show a notable increase in the peaks as the porosity level gets higher showing the importance of considering both physical factors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-7796
Date of Acceptance: 2 March 2023
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2024 14:45

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