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Beyond the 3rd moment: a practical study of using lensing convergence CDFs for cosmology with DES Y3

Anbajagane, D., Chang, C., Banerjee, A., Abel, T., Gatti, M., Ajani, V., Alarcon, A., Amon, A., Baxter, E.J., Bechtol, K., Becker, M.R., Bernstein, G.M., Campos, A., Rosell, A.Carnero, Kind, M.Carrasco, Chen, R., Choi, A., Davis, C., DeRose, J., Diehl, H.T., Dodelson, S., Doux, C., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eckert, K., Elvin-Poole, J., Everett, S., Ferté, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R.A., Harrison, I. ORCID:, Hartley, W.G., Huff, E.M., Jain, B., Jarvis, M., Jeffrey, N., Kacprzak, T., Kokron, N., Kuropatkin, N., Leget, P-F., MacCrann, N., McCullough, J., Myles, J., Navarro-Alsina, A., Pandey, S., Prat, J., Raveri, M., Rollins, R.P., Roodman, A., Rykoff, E.S., Sánchez, C., Secco, L.F., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Sheldon, E., Shin, T., Troxel, M.A., Tutusaus, I., Whiteway, L., Yanny, B., Yin, B., Zhang, Y., Abbott, T.M.C., Allam, S., Aguena, M., Alves, O., Andrade-Oliveira, F., Annis, J., Bacon, D., Blazek, J., Brooks, D., Cawthon, R., da Costa, L.N., Pereira, M.E.S., Davis, T.M., Desai, S., Doel, P., Ferrero, I., Frieman, J., Giannini, G., Gutierrez, G., Hinton, S.R., Hollowood, D.L., Honscheid, K., James, D.J., Kuehn, K., Lahav, O.., Marshall, J.L., Mena-Fernández, J., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Palmese, A., Pieres, A., Malagón, A.A.Plazas, Reil, K., Sanchez, E., Smith, M., Swanson, M.E.C., Tarle, G. and Wiseman, P. 2023. Beyond the 3rd moment: a practical study of using lensing convergence CDFs for cosmology with DES Y3. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 526 (4) , pp. 5530-5554. 10.1093/mnras/stad3118

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Widefield surveys probe clustered scalar fields – such as galaxy counts, lensing potential, etc. – which are sensitive to different cosmological and astrophysical processes. Constraining such processes depends on the statistics that summarize the field. We explore the cumulative distribution function (CDF) as a summary of the galaxy lensing convergence field. Using a suite of N-body light-cone simulations, we show the CDFs’ constraining power is modestly better than the second and third moments, as CDFs approximately capture information from all moments. We study the practical aspects of applying CDFs to data, using the Dark Energy Survey (DES Y3) data as an example, and compute the impact of different systematics on the CDFs. The contributions from the point spread function and reduced shear approximation are of the total signal. Source clustering effects and baryon imprints contribute 1–10 per cent. Enforcing scale cuts to limit systematics-driven biases in parameter constraints degrade these constraints a noticeable amount, and this degradation is similar for the CDFs and the moments. We detect correlations between the observed convergence field and the shape noise field at 13σ. The non-Gaussian correlations in the noise field must be modelled accurately to use the CDFs, or other statistics sensitive to all moments, as a rigorous cosmology tool.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 March 2024
Date of Acceptance: 9 October 2023
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2024 12:44

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