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Origin of mafic microgranular enclaves from the Late Triassic Cuojiaoma granitic pluton: Implications for the tectonic evolution of the Yidun arc belt, eastern Tibetan Plateau

Gao, Rui, Wu, Tao, Kerr, Andrew C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5569-4730 and Xiao, Long 2024. Origin of mafic microgranular enclaves from the Late Triassic Cuojiaoma granitic pluton: Implications for the tectonic evolution of the Yidun arc belt, eastern Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 266 , 106131. 10.1016/j.jseaes.2024.106131
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Abstract

In-situ U-Pb ages and Hf-O isotopes of zircon are frequently used to study the petrogenesis of mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) in granitoids. However, whether zircons in MMEs have recorded the primary isotopes of their host MMEs is still questionable. In this study, MMEs and host granites from the Cuojiaoma granitic pluton in the Triassic Yidun arc belt, eastern Tibetan Plateau, are studied. LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb dating of studied MMEs yields an age of 213 ± 2 Ma. Model calculations indicate that the whole-rock composition of the MMEs was different from the melt composition from which the zircon grains grew. The MMEs crystallized during magma mixing based on analyses of zircon trace element and Zr-Hf isotopes. None of zircons in this study have recorded the primary isotope signature of the mafic endmember of MMEs because they are different from the host granite in terms of zircon morphology, ɛHf values and ΔQFM. The Zr isotopic data demonstrate open-system magmatic crystallization for the host granite and that magma mixing for MMEs play key role in controlling Zr isotopic variations. Initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios of An-rich plagioclase crystals in groundmass from MMEs range from 0.7027 to 0.7058, which are significantly lower than host granites (0.7080 – 0.7089). The lowest initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.7027 – 0.7028) are also lower than arc volcanic rocks and similar to a depleted mantle. Combined with previous studies, we propose that MMEs were generated during post-collision extension by mixing of mafic magma of Xiaxiaoliu basalt and felsic magma from host granite.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1367-9120
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 April 2024
Date of Acceptance: 26 March 2024
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 00:32
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/167807

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