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Eocene rhyolites in the Shanglaxiu-Xialaxiu area of north-eastern Qiangtang Block, Tibet: Partial melting of juvenile crust?

Wei, Yi-Wen, Wang, Jun, Wang, Qiang, Wang, Bing-Zhang, Kerr, Andrew C. ORCID:, Li, Wu-Fu, Li, Shan-Ping, Liu, Jin-Heng, Wang, Chun-Tao and Wang, Zi-Long 2024. Eocene rhyolites in the Shanglaxiu-Xialaxiu area of north-eastern Qiangtang Block, Tibet: Partial melting of juvenile crust? Lithos 476-7 , 107594. 10.1016/j.lithos.2024.107594
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Many granitoids and their eruptive equivalents are substantially derived from the uppermost proportion of continental crust, and so their petrogenesis and source are significant in understanding the evolution and characteristics of continental crust. The Eocene felsic rocks in the Qiangtang block (central Tibet) commonly have enriched Nd isotope compositions and have been considered to be related to the recycling of ancient continental crustal material. In this paper we report new data on early Eocene felsic rocks with positive εNd(t) values in the northeastern Qiangtang block, which can be used to help understand Cenozoic evolution and characteristics of continental crust in the Qiangtang block. These rocks consist of rhyolites and occur in the Shanglaxiu and Xialaxiu areas in the north−eastern Qiangtang block. Zircon U − Pb dating yields ages of 47.8 ± 0.6 and 44.2 ± 0.7 Ma for the Shanglaxiu and Xialaxiu rhyolites, respectively, and so they represent the earliest record of Eocene magmatism in the Qiangtang block. The Shanglaxiu−Xialaxiu rhyolites have relatively low calculated zircon saturation temperatures (719–819 °C), along with high SiO2 (74.8–83.3 wt%) and K2O (5.1–7.8 wt%) contents, and low MgO (0.2–0.3 wt%), Cr and Ni contents. They are enriched in light rare earth elements (LREEs), Rb, K, Th, Zr, and Hf, and are depleted in Nb, Ta, Ti, Sr, and P, with moderately negative Eu anomalies. The Shanglaxiu rhyolites have positive whole−rock εNd(t) (0.3–0.4) and zircon εHf(t) (1.8–10.4), and variable zircon δ18O (6.3–7.3‰). The Xialaxiu rhyolites have slightly different whole−rock εNd(t) (−1.5 to −1.6), but similar zircon εHf(t) (2.2–7.7) and δ18O (6.7–7.2‰). We propose that the Shanglaxiu−Xialaxiu rhyolites were most probably generated by partial melting of the pre − existing juvenile crust with the addition of minor sedimentary material. This partial melting was possibly triggered by the south−dipping continental subduction of the Songpan−Ganzi block. The pre − existing juvenile crust was probably formed during the subduction of Paleo−Tethyan oceanic slab in Paleozoic−Early Mesozoic.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0024-4937
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 April 2024
Date of Acceptance: 30 March 2024
Last Modified: 09 May 2024 16:29

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