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Fundamental structural and electronic understanding of palladium catalysts on nitride and oxide supports

Huang, Junhao, Klahn, Marcus, Tian, Xinxin, Bartling, Stephan, Zimina, Anna, Radtke, Martin, Rockstroh, Nils, Naliwajko, Pawel, Steinfeldt, Norbert, Peppel, Tim, Grunwaldt, Jan‐Dierk, Logsdail, Andrew J. ORCID:, Jiao, Haijun and Strunk, Jennifer 2024. Fundamental structural and electronic understanding of palladium catalysts on nitride and oxide supports. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 10.1002/anie.202400174

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The nature of the support can fundamentally affect the function of a heterogeneous catalyst. For the novel type of isolated metal atom catalysts, sometimes referred to as single‐atom catalysts, systematic correlations are still rare. Here, we report a general finding that Pd on nitride supports (non‐metal and metal nitride) features a higher oxidation state compared to that on oxide supports (non‐metal and metal oxide). Through thorough oxidation state investigations by X‐ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), CO‐DRIFTS, and density functional theory (DFT) coupled with Bader charge analysis, it is found that Pd atoms prefer to interact with surface hydroxyl group to form a Pd(OH)x species on oxide supports, while on nitride supports, Pd atoms incorporate into the surface structure in the form of Pd−N bonds. Moreover, a correlation was built between the formal oxidation state and computational Bader charge, based on the periodic trend in electronegativity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1433-7851
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 April 2024
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2024 09:45

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