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Very large telescope spectra of carbon stars in the large magellanic cloud and their metallicity dependence

Matsuura, Mikako ORCID:, Zijlstra, Albert A, Van Loon, Jelle, Yamamura, I, Markwick, Andrew, Woods, Paul and Waters, L. B. F. M 2002. Very large telescope spectra of carbon stars in the large magellanic cloud and their metallicity dependence. The Astrophysical Journal 580 (2) , L133-L136. 10.1086/345680

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Very Large Telescope (VLT) L-band spectra of six carbon stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud are presented. The stars show absorption bands at 3.1 μm (HCN and C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>), and 3.8 μm, which is probably due to C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>. Two LMC stars show strong 3.5 μm HCN absorption. The equivalent widths of the 3.1 μm and 3.8 μm bands are systematically larger in LMC carbon stars than in carbon stars in the solar neighborhood. Moreover, the ratio of the equivalent widths of the 3.8 and 3.1 μm bands is much larger in the LMC, suggesting a higher ratio of n(C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>)/n(HCN). The stronger absorption bands are in contrast to the assumption that if the elemental abundances are scaled from the carbon star's abundances in the solar neighbor, the abundances of these molecules are less at lower metallicity. We argue for a systematically larger C/O ratio in LMC carbon stars. In the Galactic carbon stars n(C)/n(O)~1.05-1.1 on average; our chemical model shows that the stronger molecular bands in the LMC carbon stars could be explained with n(C)/n(O)>1.2. The higher C/O ratio can also explain the higher ratio of n(C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>)/n(HCN) in LMC stars than in the solar neighborhood. Based on observations obtained at the European Southern Observatory, Chile (proposal 68.D-0660)....

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 1538-4357
Date of Acceptance: 21 October 2002
Last Modified: 17 May 2024 14:30

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