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Prevalence and pattern of intimate partner violence during COVID-19 pandemic among Nigerian adults.

Oloniniyi, Ibidunni Olapeju, Ibigbami, Olanrewaju, Oginni, Olakunle Ayokunmi, Ugo, Victor, Adelola, Aderopo, Esan, Olufemi Abiodun, Amiola, Ayomipo, Daropale, Oluwatosin, Ebuka, Matthew, Esan, Oladoyin and Mapayi, Boladale 2023. Prevalence and pattern of intimate partner violence during COVID-19 pandemic among Nigerian adults. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 15 (5) , 868–876. 10.1037/tra0001335

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Objectives: Our objectives were to determine the prevalence, pattern, and associated sociodemographic, psychosocial, and COVID-19-related factors associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) during the COVID-19 pandemic among Nigerian adults. Method: We conducted an online survey among Nigerian adults (n = 994, aged 18–72 years) who completed the HARK questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Perceived Social Support Scale, and factors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Logistic regression was carried out with presence or absence of IPV as the outcome variable. Results: Prevalence of IPV among women was 57.5%, while it was 42.5% among men, during the COVID-19 pandemic. IPV was significantly associated with younger age; having no children; increased threat of income due to COVID-19; anxiety; depression; reduced frequency of accessing COVID-19 updates via TV, radio, and news outlet; self-isolation due to COVID-19 symptoms; and self-reported impact of COVID-19 on recreation. A high monthly income, presence of anxiety and depressive symptoms, threat of COVID-19 to income, and self-reported impact of COVID-19 on recreation increased the odds of experiencing IPV. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the experience of IPV among adult Nigerians. The implications of our findings are that both men and women were affected by IPV during the COVID-19 pandemic. Modalities for reducing IPV and its aftermath among this population should include online psychosocial support measures, which may offer anonymity and reduced stigma.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: American Psychological Association
ISSN: 1942-969X
Date of Acceptance: 1 June 2022
Last Modified: 22 May 2024 09:01

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