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Evaluation of methods for measuring particulate matter emissions from gas turbines

Petzold, Andreas, Marsh, Richard ORCID:, Johnson, Mark, Miller, Michael, Sevcenco, Yura Alexander ORCID:, Delhaye, David, Ibrahim, Amir, Williams, Paul, Bauer, Heidi, Crayford, Andrew Philip ORCID:, Bachalo, William D. and Raper, David 2011. Evaluation of methods for measuring particulate matter emissions from gas turbines. Environmental Science & Technology 45 (8) , pp. 3562-3568. 10.1021/es103969v

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The project SAMPLE evaluated methods for measuring particle properties in the exhaust of aircraft engines with respect to the development of standardized operation procedures for particulate matter measurement in aviation industry. Filter-based off-line mass methods included gravimetry and chemical analysis of carbonaceous species by combustion methods. Online mass methods were based on light absorption measurement or used size distribution measurements obtained from an electrical mobility analyzer approach. Number concentrations were determined using different condensation particle counters (CPC). Total mass from filter-based methods balanced gravimetric mass within 8% error. Carbonaceous matter accounted for 70% of gravimetric mass while the remaining 30% were attributed to hydrated sulfate and noncarbonaceous organic matter fractions. Online methods were closely correlated over the entire range of emission levels studied in the tests. Elemental carbon from combustion methods and black carbon from optical methods deviated by maximum 5% with respect to mass for low to medium emission levels, whereas for high emission levels a systematic deviation between online methods and filter based methods was found which is attributed to sampling effects. CPC based instruments proved highly reproducible for number concentration measurements with a maximum interinstrument standard deviation of 7.5%.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0013-936X
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 14:17

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