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Emergency logistics and risk mitigation in Thailand following the Asian tsunami

Beresford, Anthony Kenneth Charles ORCID: and Pettit, Stephen John ORCID: 2009. Emergency logistics and risk mitigation in Thailand following the Asian tsunami. International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management 13 (1) , pp. 7-21. 10.1504/IJRAM.2009.026387

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A series of recent natural disasters (earthquakes, floods, droughts) and man-made crises (civil unrest, war, political disturbance) have highlighted the vulnerability of communities to unstable conditions. Reaching displaced people in crisis conditions is heavily dependent on the effectiveness of the supply chain and its management systems. Disaster responses have been modelled into, for example, three stages: preparedness, response, and recovery (Carter, 1999). In the case of the Asian tsunami, one of the principal weaknesses was the absence of such events from existing government response plans. There was therefore no top-down strategy and no implementation mechanism on the ground. Whatever communications networks were in place were quickly overwhelmed; they therefore became the subject of a major review in the months following the disaster. This paper highlights the fact that disaster preparedness in the manner suggested by Carter (1999) is shown to be less appropriate than the 'soft approach' taken by the Thai Government post-tsunami, whereby emphasis is on well-organised local communication networks, early warning systems, and danger mitigation rather than accumulation and management of large scale emergency stocks of, for example, food, tents, and equipment.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humanitarian aid models ; Emergency logistics ; Risk mitigation ; Asian tsunami ; Thailand ; Disaster response ; Disaster preparedness ; Risk management ; Local communications ; Local networks ; Early warning ; Emergency management
Publisher: Inderscience Publishers
ISSN: 1466-8297
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2022 08:32

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