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Normative and cognitive correlates of breakfast skipping in 9-11-year-old schoolchildren in Wales

Moore, Graham F. ORCID:, Moore, Laurence Anthony Russell and Murphy, Simon ORCID: 2009. Normative and cognitive correlates of breakfast skipping in 9-11-year-old schoolchildren in Wales. Appetite 53 (3) , pp. 332-337. 10.1016/j.appet.2009.07.012

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Aims: This study aims to explore associations of attitudes towards breakfast, self-efficacy and normative perceptions (in relation to parents, peers and teachers) with breakfastskipping in 9–11-year-oldschoolchildren in Wales. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed. Data were collected using self-report measures of attitudes towards breakfast, parental and peer descriptive norms, parental, peer and teacher related injunctive norms, self-efficacy for eating breakfast and self-reported habitual breakfastskipping. Participants were 1672 year 5 and 6 pupils within 52 schools in 9 local education authorities across North, South and West Wales. Results: Bivariate analyses indicated that all variables, with the exception of peer-related injunctive norms, were associated with breakfastskipping. In multivariate ordinal logistic regression analyses, adjusted for clustering at the school-level, only attitudes towards breakfast, parental descriptive norms and self-efficacy for eating breakfast were significantly associated with breakfastskipping. Conclusions: The associations reported in this paper highlight the need to consider attitudinal and normative factors when attempting to facilitate change in children's breakfast eating behaviours, as well as investigating means of enhancing self-efficacy. Impacts of school breakfast provision on these factors, as well as the impact of these factors on uptake of school breakfast provision merit investigation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: breakfast; diet; children; self-efficacy; social norms; attitudes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0195-6663
Last Modified: 06 May 2023 01:46

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