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The moderating role of close friends in the relationship between conduct problems and adolescent substance use

Glaser, Beate, Shelton, Katherine Helen ORCID: and van den Bree, Marianne Bernadette ORCID: 2010. The moderating role of close friends in the relationship between conduct problems and adolescent substance use. Journal of Adolescent Health 47 (1) , pp. 35-42. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.12.022

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Purpose Conductproblems and peer effects are among the strongest risk factors for adolescentsubstance use and problem use. However, it is unclear to what extent the effects of conductproblems and peer behavior interact, and whether adolescents' capacity to refuse the offer of substances may moderate such links. This study was conducted to examine relationships between conductproblems, closefriends' substance use, and refusal assertiveness with adolescents' alcohol use problems, tobacco, and marijuana use. Methods We studied a population-based sample of 1,237 individuals from the Cardiff Study of All Wales and North West of England Twins aged 11–18 years. Adolescent and mother-reported information was obtained. Statistical analyses included cross-sectional and prospective logistic regression models and family-based permutations. Results Conductproblems and closefriends' substance use were associated with increased adolescents' substance use, whereas refusal assertiveness was associated with lower use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. Peer substance use moderated the relationship between conductproblems and alcohol use problems, such that conductproblems were only related to increased risk for alcohol use problems in the presence of substance-using friends. This effect was found in both cross-sectional and prospective analyses and confirmed using the permutation approach. Conclusions Reduced opportunities for interaction with alcohol-using peers may lower the risk of alcohol use problems in adolescents with conductproblems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent ; Substance ; Alcohol ; Cigarette ; Marijuana ; Peers ; Conduct problems ; Prospective ; Interaction
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1054-139X
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2022 09:05

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