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Validation of a three-dimensional numerical code in the simulation of pseudo-natural meandering flows

Wilson, Catherine ORCID:, Boxall, Joby, Guymer, I. and Olsen, N. R. B. 2003. Validation of a three-dimensional numerical code in the simulation of pseudo-natural meandering flows. Journal of hydraulic engineering 129 (10) , pp. 758-768. 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2003)129:10(758)

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Validation of a three-dimensional finite volume code solving the Navier–Stokes equations with the standard k-epsilon turbulence model is conducted using a high quality and high spatial resolution data set. The data set was collected from a large-scale meandering channel with a self-formed fixed bed, and comprises detailed bed profiling and laser Doppler anemometer velocity measurements. Comparisons of the computed primary and secondary velocities are made with those observed and it is found that the lateral momentum transfer is generally under predicted. At the apices this results in the predicted position of the primary velocity maximum having a bias towards the channel center, compared to the position where it has been measured. Using a simplified two zone roughness distribution whereby a separate roughness height was prescribed for the channel center and channel sides relative to a single distributed roughness height, generally led to a slightly improved longitudinal velocity distribution; the higher velocities were located nearer to the outside of the bend. Improving both the free surface calculation and scheme for discretization of the convection terms led to no appreciable difference in the computed velocity distributions. A more detailed study involving turbulence measurements and bed form height distribution should discriminate whether using distributed roughness height is a precursor to using an anisotropic turbulence representation for the accurate prediction of three-dimensional river flows.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rivers ; Flow simulation ; Computational fluid dynamics ; Navier-Stokes equations ; Finite volume methods ; Channel flow
ISSN: 07339429
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:05

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