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Changes in free calcium in the endoplasmic reticulum of living cells detected using targeted aequorin

Kendall, Jonathan M., Badminton, Michael Norman, Dormer, R. L. and Campbell, Anthony Keith 1994. Changes in free calcium in the endoplasmic reticulum of living cells detected using targeted aequorin. Analytical Biochemistry 221 (1) , pp. 173-181. 10.1006/abio.1994.1394

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The Ca(2+)-activated photoprotein aequorin has been engineered with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-targeting sequence from calreticulin at the N-terminus and the KDEL sequence at the C-terminus so that it locates in the ER of living cells. Targeting of apoaequorin to the ER of COS7 cells was demonstrated by immunolocalization. Selective permeabilization of cells expressing the modified protein suggested that targeting was highly efficient. Functional photoprotein was reconstituted in live cells by incubating them with coelenterazine. Light emission from cells expressing ER aequorin showed that the estimated free Ca2+ within the ER of live cells at 37 degrees C was 0.3-1.0 microM, some 10 times that in the cytosol. An increase in the rate constant for aequorin light emission was demonstrated when the cells were warmed from 4 degrees C. This increase could be in part, but not wholly, explained by an increase in rate constants for aequorin at higher temperatures and a change in kinetics as a result of the ER targeting of aequorin. The increase in rate constants in the cells was inhibited by thapsigargin and occurred in the presence or absence of extracellular Ca2+. These results highlight the importance of converting aequorin light emission to rate constants and of calibrating any variants if qualitative and quantitative conclusions are to be drawn about free Ca2+ in intracellular compartments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0003-2697
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2017 02:58

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