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In vitro steroid resistance correlates with outcome in severe alcoholic hepatitis

di Mambro, A. J., Parker, R., McCune, Catherine Anne, Gordon, F., Dayan, Colin Mark ORCID: and Collins, Peter William ORCID: 2011. In vitro steroid resistance correlates with outcome in severe alcoholic hepatitis. Hepatology 53 (4) , pp. 1316-1322. 10.1002/hep.24159

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Steroids improve the outcome in alcoholic hepatitis (AH), but up to 40% of patients fail to respond adequately. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) exacerbates steroid resistance in vitro. We performed a prospective study to determine if intrinsic steroid sensitivity correlates with response to steroids in individuals with severe AH and if IL-2 receptor blockade can reverse this. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from 20 patients with AH and a Maddrey’s score >32. Patients were treated with oral prednisolone plus full supportive measures. Clinical resistance to oral steroid treatment was defined as a drop in serum bilirubin of <25% within 7 days or death within 6 months. In vitro steroid resistance was measured in PBMC using the dexamethasone suppression of lymphocyte proliferation assay and repeated after the addition of the anti-IL-2 receptor (anti-CD25) monoclonal antibody, basiliximab. Suppression of lymphocyte proliferation <60% was considered to indicate steroid resistance. In all, 82% (9/11) of in vitro steroid-resistant patients were dead at 6 months as compared to 21% (2/9) of steroid-sensitive patients (P 5 0.03). Similarly, 91% (10/11) of in vitro steroid-resistant patients failed to show a significant fall in bilirubin at day 7 as compared to 44% (4/9) of steroid-sensitive patients (P < 0.05). Basiliximab improved the maximal proliferation count in 91% (10/11) of in vitro steroid-resistant patients (P 5 0.003). Conclusion: Clinical outcome of steroid therapy in this patient cohort correlated with in vitro steroid resistance. IL-2 blockade improved in vitro steroid sensitivity. This suggests that intrinsic lack of steroid sensitivity may contribute to poor clinical response to steroids in severe AH. IL-2 receptor blockade represents a possible mechanism to overcome this.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0270-9139
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2024 07:19

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