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Copy number variations in the NF1 gene region are infrequent and do not predispose to recurrent type-1 deletions

Steinmann, Katharina, Kluwe, Lan, Cooper, David Neil ORCID:, Brems, Hilde, De Raedt, Thomas, Legius, Eric, Mautner, Viktor-Felix and Kehrer-Sawatzki, Hildegard 2008. Copy number variations in the NF1 gene region are infrequent and do not predispose to recurrent type-1 deletions. European Journal of Human Genetics 16 (5) , pp. 572-580. 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5202002

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Gross deletions of the NF1 gene at 17q11.2 belong to the group of ‘genomic disorders’ characterized by local sequence architecture that predisposes to genomic rearrangements. Segmental duplications within regions associated with genomic disorders are prone to non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR), which mediates gross rearrangements. Copy number variants (CNVs) without obvious phenotypic consequences also occur frequently in regions of genomic disorders. In the NF1 gene region, putative CNVs have been reportedly detected by array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH). These variants include duplications and deletions within the NF1 gene itself (CNV1) and a duplication that encompasses the SUZ12 gene, the distal NF1-REPc repeat and the RHOT1 gene (CNV2). To explore the possibility that these CNVs could have played a role in promoting deletion mutagenesis in type-1 deletions (the most common type of gross NF1 deletion), non-affected transmitting parents of patients with type-1 NF1 deletions were investigated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). However, neither CNV1 nor CNV2 were detected. This would appear to exclude these variants as frequent mediators of NAHR giving rise to type-1 deletions. Using MLPA, we were also unable to confirm CNV1 in healthy controls as previously reported. We conclude that locus-specific techniques should be used to independently confirm putative CNVs, originally detected by array CGH, to avoid false-positive results. In one patient with an atypical deletion, a duplication in the region of CNV2 was noted. This duplication could have occurred concomitantly with the deletion as part of a complex rearrangement or may alternatively have preceded the deletion.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: copy number variants; gross NF1 deletions; neurofibromatosis type-1
Publisher: European Society of Human Genetics
ISSN: 1018-4813
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2022 10:39

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