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Theoretical antecedents of distress disclosure in a community sample of young people

Greenland, Katy ORCID:, Scourfield, Jonathan Bryn ORCID:, Maxwell, Nina ORCID:, Prior, Lindsay and Scourfield, Jane 2009. Theoretical antecedents of distress disclosure in a community sample of young people. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 39 (9) , pp. 2045-2068. 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00515.x

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The Distress Disclosure Index (Kahn & Hessling, 2001) measures the tendency to disclose psychological distress and is important in understanding psychological well-being, interpersonal relationships, and help seeking. This paper used the disclosure decision model (Omarzu, 2000) to explore the theoretical antecedents of distress disclosure. Results of a community-based survey of 17–18-year-olds in South Wales (United Kingdom), suggesting that private self-consciousness, social support, and femininity were associated with higher distress disclosure. Shame was associated with lower distress disclosure. Moderating effects of gender and gender identity were also explored. Social support and femininity both interacted with gender to predict distress disclosure. The results suggest a number of interventions to increase distress disclosure in young men and women.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Additional Information: This research was funded by the Wales Office of Research and Development for Health and Social Care.
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1559-1816
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2024 02:09

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