Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Parent–child hostility and child ADHD symptoms: a genetically sensitive and longitudinal analysis

Lifford, Kate Joanna ORCID:, Harold, Gordon Thomas and Thapar, Anita ORCID: 2009. Parent–child hostility and child ADHD symptoms: a genetically sensitive and longitudinal analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 50 (12) , pp. 1468-1476. 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02107.x

Full text not available from this repository.


Background: Families of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) report higher rates of conflict within the family and more negative parent–child relationships. This study aimed to test whether negative parent–child relationships have a risk effect on ADHD symptoms using two complementary designs. Method: The first sample included 886 twin pairs, aged 11–17 years, derived from a population-based twin study. The second sample was derived from a longitudinal community study and included 282 parents and their children, aged 11–14 years. Questionnaires were used to assess ADHD symptoms and hostility in the mother–child and father–child relationship. Bivariate genetic analysis was used to test the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the association between parent–child hostility and ADHD symptoms in the twin sample. Cross-lagged and reciprocal effects models were used to test for a bidirectional relationship between parent–child hostility and ADHD symptoms over time in the longitudinal study. Results: For boys, both genetic and environmental factors contributed to the link between mother–son hostility and ADHD symptoms, but genetic factors alone explained the association between father–son hostility and ADHD symptoms. For girls, the association between ADHD symptoms and mother–daughter hostility as well as father–child hostility was attributed to genetic factors alone. The longitudinal study provided evidence of boys’ ADHD symptoms impacting upon mother–son hostility both within and across time. There were no effects in the opposite direction. Conclusions: A causal hypothesis of family relations influencing ADHD symptoms was not supported. Boys’ ADHD symptoms appear to have an environmentally mediated impact upon mother–son hostility.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD; family relationships; environmental mediation; longitudinal
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0021-9630
Last Modified: 06 May 2023 01:39

Citation Data

Cited 51 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item