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Use of time to pregnancy in environmental epidemiology and surveillance

Joffe, Mike, Paranjothy, Shantini ORCID:, Fielder, Hilary, Lyons, Ronan and Palmer, Stephen Royston 2008. Use of time to pregnancy in environmental epidemiology and surveillance. Journal of Public Health 30 (2) , pp. 178-185. 10.1093/pubmed/fdn005

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Background Potential sources of environmental pollution, such as incinerators or landfill sites, can adversely affect reproduction and/or development. Time to pregnancy (TTP) is a validated measure of biological fertility that can be studied with relatively small populations. Methods Pregnant local residents living within 3 km of a landfill site (‘exposed’ group, n = 200) or elsewhere in the Rhondda valleys (‘unexposed’ group, n = 400) were interviewed by health visitors or midwives. The response rate was 83%. Results No difference was found in the TTP distributions between the exposed and unexposed groups. Relationships of TTP with covariates were consistent with the literature. Conclusions In a context of public and scientific concern about possible reproductive toxicity, an interview study of TTP was highly acceptable to local women. A large enough sample to generate stable TTP distributions was readily achieved.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental epidemiology ; Fertility ; Fecundity ; Landfill ; Reproduction ; Time to pregnancy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1741-3842
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2022 13:56

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