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Low U1 snRNP dependence at the NF1 exon 29 donor splice site

Raponi, Michela, Buratti, Emanuele, Dassie, Elisa, Upadhyaya, Meena and Baralle, Diana 2009. Low U1 snRNP dependence at the NF1 exon 29 donor splice site. Febs Journal 276 (7) , pp. 2060-2073. 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2009.06941.x

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Many disease-causing splicing mutations described in the literature produce changes in splice sites (SS) or in exon-regulatory sequences. The delineation of these splice aberrations can provide important insights into novel regulation mechanisms. In this study, we evaluated the effect of patient variations in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) exon 29 and its 5¢SS surrounding area on its splicing process. Only two of all nonsense, missense, synonymous and intronic variations analyzed in this study clearly altered exon 29 inclusion/ exclusion levels. In particular, the intronic mutation +5g>a had the strongest effect, resulting in total exon exclusion. This finding prompted us to evaluate the exon 29 5¢SS in relation to its ability to bind U1 snRNP. This was performed by direct analysis of the ability of U1 to bind to wildtype and mutant donor sites, by engineering an in vitro splicing system to directly evaluate the functional importance of U1 snRNA base pairing with the exon 29 donor site, and by coexpression of mutant U1 snRNP molecules to try to rescue exon 29 inclusion in vivo. The results revealed a low dependency on the presence of U1 snRNP, and suggest that exon 29 donor site definition may depend on alternative mechanisms of 5¢SS recognition.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: donor; NF1; splicing; U1 snRNP
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1742-464X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:52

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