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Family meal frequency and alcohol and tobacco use in adolescence: testing reciprocal effects

White, James and Halliwell, Emma 2010. Family meal frequency and alcohol and tobacco use in adolescence: testing reciprocal effects. Journal of Early Adolescence 31 (5) , pp. 735-749. 10.1177/0272431610373104

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This longitudinal study tested the direction of associations between family meals and alcohol and tobacco consumption during early adolescence. We examined family meal frequency, family connectedness, alcohol (binge drinking, drunkenness), and tobacco consumption (past year, daily frequency) in 671 adolescents (51% women; mean age, Wave 1 = 14.05 years). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to estimate the associations between meal frequency and increases in alcohol and tobacco consumption, and alcohol and tobacco consumption on increases in meal frequency over a year, while adjusting for family connectedness, social class, and age. Family meals were associated with reductions in alcohol and tobacco consumption in girls but not boys. Alcohol consumption was also associated with reductions in the frequency of meals among girls, but not boys. Results supported the assertion that family meals protect some girls from substance abuse but suggest meals may have little impact on existing users.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent ; Smoking ; Alcohol ; Family meals
Publisher: SAGE
ISSN: 0272-4316
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2017 05:51

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