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The unique cognitive limitation in subclinical depression: the impairment of mental model construction

Sedek, Grzegorz, Brzezicka, Aneta and Von Hecker, Ulrich ORCID: 2010. The unique cognitive limitation in subclinical depression: the impairment of mental model construction. Gruszka, Aleksandra, Matthews, Gerald and Szymura, Blazej, eds. Handbook of individual differences in cognition: Attention, memory and cognitive control, The Springer Series on Human Exceptionality, New York: Springer, pp. 335-352. (10.1007/978-1-4419-1210-7_20)

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The notion of “depression” is frequently employed to describe a broader category of depressive symptoms, dysphoria, and the depression syndrome as such (Joormann, 2005). Numerous debates in the literature have addressed the issue of continuity, the question of whether moderate depression symptoms (called subclinical depression) differ quantitatively or qualitatively from severe clinical depression. Flett, Vredenburg, and Kramses (1997) drew up a summary indicating that the available data is generally consistent with the hypothesis of continuity. In this chapter, we review data from studies in which subclinical forms of depressive disorders were taken into account: those that are mild in terms of severity. Depression is then seen as an affective disorder characterized by persistent negative mood (without an elevated level of arousal) and specific deficits in cognitive functioning. These deficits include “ruminative” thinking, recurring ideas and thoughts with negative or self-devaluing content. Such deficits also involve individuals with depression experiencing difficulty in solving complex cognitive problems, and solving problems that require reasoning about deeper social relations.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781441912091
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Last Modified: 20 Oct 2022 09:16

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