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The extra-retinal motion aftereffect

Freeman, Tom C. A. ORCID:, Sumnall, Jane H. and Snowden, Robert Jefferson ORCID: 2003. The extra-retinal motion aftereffect. Journal of Vision 3 (11) , pp. 771-779. 10.1167/3.11.11

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Repetitive eye movements are known to produce motion aftereffect (MAE) when made to track a moving stimulus. Explanations typically centre on the retinal motion created in the peripheral visual field by the eye movement. This retinal motion is thought to induce perceived motion in the central test, either through the interaction between peripheral MAE and central target or by adaptation of mechanisms sensitive to the relative motion created between centre and surround. Less attention has been paid to possible extra-retinal contributions to MAE following eye movement. Prolonged eye movement leads to afternystagmus which must be suppressed in order to fixate the stationary test. Chaudhuri (1991, {itVision Research}, 131, 1639–1645) proposed that nystagmus-suppression gives rise to an extra-retinal motion signal that is incorrectly interpreted as movement of the target. Chaudhuri’s demonstration of extra-retinal MAE depended on repeated pursuit to induce the aftereffect. Here we describe conditions for an extra-retinal MAE that follows more reflexive, nystagmus-like eye movement. The MAE is extra-retinal in origin because it occurs in part of the visual field that received no retinal motion stimulation during adaptation. In an explicit test of the nystagmus-suppression hypothesis, we find extra-retinal MAE fails to store over a 30s delay between adaptation and test. Implications for our understanding of motion aftereffects are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eye movement ; Afternystagmus ; Motion aftereffect ; Nystagmus-suppression ; Extra-retinal
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN: 1534-7362
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:28

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