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Capturing the suffix: cognitive streaming in immediate serial recall

Nicholls, Alastair P. and Jones, Dylan Marc ORCID: 2002. Capturing the suffix: cognitive streaming in immediate serial recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 28 (1) , pp. 12-28. 10.1037/0278-7393.28.1.12

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Adding an irrelevant item to the end of an auditory to-be-remembered list increases error on the last list items appreciably, known as the suffix effect. The phenomenon of auditory capture (e.g., Bregman & Rudnicky, 1975), namely, the tendency for a sequence of similar items to form a stream that at the same time isolates perceptually dissimilar members of the sequence, is exploited to explore the suffix effect. Irrelevant items interleaved between to-be-remembered items are used to capture the suffix with the aim of reducing its impact. Four experiments illustrate how the properties of the irrelevant sequence promote capture. The results are problematic for models of the suffix that involve masking of the last list item; instead, models based on grouping are favored.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: American Psychological Association
ISSN: 0278-7393
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:29

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