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Repetition priming and hyperpriming in semantic dementia

Cumming, T. B., Graham, Kim Samantha ORCID: and Patterson, K. 2006. Repetition priming and hyperpriming in semantic dementia. Brain and Language 98 (2) , pp. 221-234. 10.1016/j.bandl.2006.05.002

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Evidence from neurologically normal subjects suggests that repetition priming (RP) is independent of semantic processing. Therefore, we may expect patients with a selective deficit to conceptual knowledge to exhibit RP for words regardless of the integrity of their semantic representations. We tested six patients with semantic dementia (SD) on a lexical decision task that incorporated four different lags between first (baseline) and second (primed) presentation of repeated words. The patients exhibited significant RP that was greater for words that were categorised as semantically ‘degraded’ than for words categorised as ‘known.’ This RP advantage for semantically degraded words declined as lag increased. The patients also demonstrated hyperpriming, and a significant correlation was identified between baseline response time and RP in SD but not in controls. These findings indicate that level of semantic knowledge about a word influences both baseline lexical decision performance and RP of that word. The observed hyperpriming can be parsimoniously explained by a cognitive slowing account.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Semantic knowledge; Lexical decision; Cognitive slowing; Implicit memory
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0093-934X
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2022 09:52

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