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Brain and behavioural indices of retrieval mode

Herron, Jane ORCID: and Wilding, Edward Lewis ORCID: 2006. Brain and behavioural indices of retrieval mode. NeuroImage 32 (2) , pp. 863-870. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.03.046

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In recent event-related potential (ERP) studies of episodic retrieval, ERPs have been acquired in tasks where participants have been cued trial-by-trial to prepare either to make episodic or semantic retrieval judgments. ERPs elicited during this preparatory cue period and separated according to retrieval task have diverged at right frontal scalp electrodes, with a relatively greater positivity associated with preparation for episodic rather than for semantic retrieval. Importantly, this pattern of differences has been observed only on ‘stay’ trials: those trials where the participant was cued to prepare for the same retrieval task on the previous trial. These findings have provided the basis for the proposal that the ERP modulations index processes that support the adoption or configuration of retrieval mode — a tonic process that can be sustained while recovery of episodic information is required and which facilitates the retrieval process. In these studies, however, the preparatory period on each trial was no more than 2000 ms, raising the possibility that, with more time available, neural correlates of these preparatory processes would not be restricted to stay trials. In this experiment, participants were cued trial-by-trial to complete either an episodic or a semantic retrieval task, and the preparatory period was greater than 4000 ms on the majority of trials. In keeping with previous findings, the ERPs elicited by these two cue types diverged principally on stay trials at right frontal electrode locations, suggesting that time to prepare is not the primary determinant of the onset of task-specific preparatory retrieval processing. In an important addition to previous findings, moreover, the accuracy of episodic memory judgments increased with the number of successive trials of the same task that participants completed, a finding consistent with the view that adopting a retrieval mode successfully can influence the accuracy of episodic memory judgments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1095-9572
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:31

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